Asparagus Fern and Climbing Asparagus are multi branched spiny, persistent, dense scramblers to 2 metres high that form thick mats of tuberous roots. Small pinkish-white bell shaped flowers. Berries form green then turn bright red. Both are a problem along the along entire coast of NSW. Thick infestations occur in shady sites in closed forest and moist gullies.
Scrambling vine with stout, thorny branches or canes forming dense thickets 2-3 m high. May be deciduous in winter depending on climate. Enjoys fertile soils and good rain. Can be found mainly in disturbed areas, roadsides, stream banks, farmlands etc. White flowers or pink, 5 petals, summer to autumn. A well-known weed because of its edible berries that ripen from February to March.
Scrambling twining perennial herb. Leaves are alternately arranged, ovate coming to a sharp point, smooth edged and a bright glossy green. Leaf veins are parallel. Small flowers appear in small clusters during August-September. Berries ripen to red and can remain on the plant for months. Bridal creeper likes fertile well drained soils.
Large spreading tree (20-35 metres) with greyish-brown bark trunk that shows prominent vertical cracks. Leaves are less than 10cm in length, alternate, ovate, glossy above, dull green below and apple green. Leaves have a distinctive camphor odour when crushed. Fruit is a pea-sized berry less than 10mm. Fruit matures April -June. Flowers are small and whitish usually seen around October.
Alternate leaves, simple very fleshy, light green in colour. Usually the leaves are six pointed, sharply palmate lobes. They can range however from 5-7 lobes. Flowers are daisy like, yellow, in clumps usually appearing from May to August. It prefers moist areas in the coastal zone, and can tolerate full sun to semi shade.
Twining vine with thin, three pointy-tipped leaflets, clusters of pink or mauve pea flowers and flat pea-like pods. Thin-textured leaves, alternate, leaflets. Likes sunny positions in disturbed sites.
A well known decorative horticultural species of vine that climbs trees clinging by small suckers. Leaves are thin, slightly glossy, shape and division variable, shallowly palmately 3-5 lobed or margins entire and ovate, upper surface darker. Flowers in summer and produces dull blue to black berries which are poisonous. Mostly in bushland adjoining housing areas.
Dense clumps of dark green, pinnate fronds, new tufts spread by creeping rhizome. Often seen with a row of pale dots on upper surface near margin. Grows in sheltered areas often damp. Has been widely cultivated in suburban gardens especially in older suburbs. It is a very competitive plant.
Erect, perennial herb 50 cm to 2 metres high, with alternate leaves, linear to lanceolate decreasing in size up the stem, purple-brown at base. Stem forms in July to October. Flowers (February-March) large, attractive, white, funnel-shaped and fragrant. Seeds are contained in long pods up to 9cm long. Abundant along roadsides of the south coast. Likes sun or semi shade.
Vigorous, woody, perennial climber or scrambling shrub. Leaves are opposite, broadly lanceolate to ovate. Strongly roots at nodes. Fruit is a shiny black ovoid berry. Flowers are sweet honey smelling, mixed pale orange and white on each plant.
Short-lived perennial herbaceous shrub, slightly woody towards the base and deciduous in colder areas. Leaves are ovate-lanceolate, smooth edged, thin, alternate, green with tinges of red. Flowers are white-green, sometimes pink occurring in August to November. Berries are red-purple to black, in a spike of 8 black seeds per fruit flowering again in autumn. Size varies with nutrition. Found mostly in disturbed areas with rich soil and a warm climate. Common after fire disturbance.
Perennial, erect or scrambling thicket-forming shrub. Much-branched woody stems are brittle and arching sprawling with prickles; can be vine-like and climb high in trees. Leaves are oval shaped with toothed edges, roughly hairy, and with a distinctive odour. Stems hairy prickly, 4-angled or square with hooked prickles when young. Fruits black and fleshy. Flowers are pretty, dense, mixed clusters of pink/red, yellow/orange, pink/orange, on flat-topped clusters. Mostly occurs in coastal areas. Lantana flowers and fruits for most of the year provided there is sufficient moisture.
Soft, thick, fleshy, bright green, heart-shaped leaves alternately arranged. Stems with aerial tubers that are brownish in colour. Flowers are small, greenish-cream, cream or white in long sprays in autumn. Flowers are fragrant and numerous in dense clumps. Often found growing along fences - it has the ability to climb to 40 metres likes fertile soils.
A woody shrub to 1 metre. Leaves are lanceolate, dark green, slightly glossy with smooth margins. Flowers spring to winter with small star shaped white flowers with bright yellow stamens. Fruits are small cherry like berries that mature to a bright red fruits that are spread by birds. Prefers moist situations in shady forest gullies and can tolerate deep shade.
Vigorous woody perennial climber, with trailing and twining stems, heart-shaped deeply divided leaves and purple trumpet like flowers during summer. Scrambles over other plants smothering native species. Usually grows in wet areas. The leaves and flowers are not as big as Common Morning Glory.
A smooth, succulent, erect, perennial herb with pinkish to grey stems. Leaves are almost cylindrical with purplish markings with some small "teeth" in pairs near the tip. Buds at the leaf tips produce plantlets that drop and root easily. Flowers range from yellow to salmon red and come in clusters at the end of stems. They are bell shaped. It prefers dampish sheltered sites, and is mostly coastal. It is a widespread garden escapee.
Perennial climber which can have a slightly woody appearance. Exudes a milky sap from the stems when broken. Leaves are simple, less than 10cm long, oblong with a flat base where stalk attaches. Greyish green with a whitish film, green underside. Flowers are creamy-white in spring. The choko like fruit ripens from late summer through to winter. It contains many seeds that are transported by wind.
Shrub to 3 metres. Branches have numerous lenticels. Leaves are narrow, oblong, toothed. Flowers have 5 yellow petals, with fall off leaving behind sepals that turn red. The red sepals surround the fruit that is a black berry. The fruit usually matures in summer. Ochna likes a sheltered site on shale or sandstone.
A very large, long-lived, dense perennial, tussock-forming grass with long flower stalks of white plumes. Leaves develop from base, forming a tussock of dead curled leaves at base. Leaf blades dull green folded at the base arching away from the stem with very sharp edges. The flower plumes like most grasses carry thousands of seeds. Each plant can carry up to 100,000 seeds! Prefers wet areas.
A large shrub to small tree with dark green semi glossy leaves with a paler underside. Leaves are opposite, oval in shape with entire margins. Stems have conspicuous spots called lenticels. Flowers in summer, with small white clusters at branch tips. Flowers have a distinct smell and cause allergic reactions in some asthma sufferers. Berries mature in winter July to August and are blackish.
Perennial evergreen large shrub to small tree with smooth grey bark and glossy leaves in opposite pairs. Leaves less than 6cm but can be variable with either wavy or straight leaf margins. Oval, pale green. Flowers creamy white, small, in spring dense clusters at branch tips. Berries mature in winter (May to September). Germinates well in shady positions. Privet loves nutrient rich moist sites, such as damp gullies.
Large, spreading, perennial shrub with bright yellow pea like flowers all year and slightly curled, elongated green to straw coloured pods. Ovate elliptic light green leaves with paler underside often with yellow edge. Often in bush around towns and old farms. Still occurs in many suburban gardens.
Vigorous perennial creeper, tough but not woody, with potato-like tubers, dense sprays of papery, hop-like fruits and triangular dock-like leaves with wavy edges. The stem is fine and strong, often with purple ribs. Seed capsules are 3-winged, starting green the turning red and dry to brown with a papery texture. Flowers are small and made up of 5-6 segments or lobes taking place of petals and sepals. Found in sunny or shady damp disturbed areas.